THE CHANGING OF TRADISIONAL FISHING COMMUNITY TO PATORANI FISHERMAN IN TAKALAR SOUTH SULAWESI

Abstract
The fishing community is fisherman patorani community that specifically captures the parent and fish eggs “Torani” (flying fish). The fishing community estimated patorani born since the 17th century and operate locally around the Sulawesi Sea, and catch fish species Torani and even other fish species. Since the birth until the early 20th century are still relying on the screen (Sombala) as a boat towing machine and rely on wind power. This study focused on social change traditional fishermen to fishers patorani. This study used qualitative methods descriptive, and data retrieval preliminary observation, interviews and documentation. Informants consisted patorani fishermen, boat owners and owners of capital. The research found that social change occurs due to the internal state of the orientation of the needs and dynamics of the owners of capital, while externally caused by the influence of the market on the fishing community by promising greater income and special one species of fish and fish eggs Torani. Changes it, then forcing the fishermen to make fundamental changes include a shift in social relations that were once family-oriented and then turn to the professional relationship and the contractual and binding.

Key Words: Traditional Fishing Community, Patorani Fisherman.

 

Suwaib Amiruddin

Lecturer of Sociology at Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University